UN resolution extends ICPD Programme of ActionDecember 22, 2010
The United Nations General Assembly today adopted a resolution to extend the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) beyond 2014.
Fresh commitments urged by the resolution
The resolution, which updates the UN’s global population policy, is entitledIntegrated and coordinated implementation of and follow-up to the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits in the economic, social and related fields.
As well as extending the ICPD Programme of Action for further implementation beyond 2014 when the Programme was technically to come to an end, it also called on governments to recommit themselves to achieving the goals and objectives of the Programme of Action, agreed on by 179 countries in Cairo in 1994. The extension comes with no end date for the Programme of Action.
The UNFPA has welcomed the resolution. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, UNFPA Executive Director said; “While much has been accomplished to implement the consensus agreement and reach the ICPD goals to reduce maternal and child death and achieve universal education and universal access to reproductive health by 2015, much remains to be done to implement this unfinished agenda.”
In addition, the General Assembly decided to convene a special session in 2014 to “assess the status of implementation of the Programme of Action and to renew political support for actions required for the full achievement of its goals and objects.” It asked UNFPA to review the implementation of the Programme of Action “on the basis of the highest-quality data and analysis of the state of population and development.”
The significance of population to sustainable development
“With the world approaching a population of 7 billion, some 215 million women still facing unmet need for family planning, and demographic changes, such as ageing, urbanisation and migration, affecting prospects for sustainable development,” said Ms. Obaid, “the United Nations Member States have again acknowledged the importance of fully implementing the ICPD agenda to improve the lives of people around the world.